Read the first part: Oregano, varieties and cultivation
The use of oregano in medicine
Infusion from the herb of oregano, collected during flowering, has long been used for many diseases. Oregano essential oil is a part of ointments used as a pain reliever for toothache.
Oregano herb extract is included in the composition of a complex preparation approved for use in medical practice as a means that has an antispasmodic effect and promotes the release of stones from the ureters, enhances bile formation and bile secretion, has an antiseptic effect and reduces inflammation in the urinary tract, increases diuresis and improves hepatic blood flow ... This magic remedy is called "Urolesan".
The popular use of oregano is very diverse. The plant is used internally for gastrointestinal diseases (stomach and duodenal ulcers, cramps in the stomach and intestines, flatulence), lack of appetite, with a decrease in gastric acidity, chronic constipation, diarrhea, as an analgesic and carminative, with vomiting, with worms and hemorrhoids, with liver diseases.
It is used for colds, catarrh of the respiratory tract, colds, sore throat, cough, pulmonary tuberculosis, bronchial asthma, asthmatic bronchitis, as well as with high blood pressure, headache, absence of menstruation. Its infusion is used for sexual disorders, rheumatism, as well as for various female diseases. The popular name of the plant "motherboard", characteristic of the Slavic languages, is not accidental and reflects the high efficiency of the plant in the treatment of disorders of the female genital area.
Oregano preparations are effective for diseases of the central nervous system, neuroses, epilepsy, with increased sexual excitability, insomnia, paralysis, asthenic syndromes. In such cases, the infusion of oregano is taken orally and rubbing or taking baths from the herb infusion.
This plant is used in folk medicine as an external pain reliever, as well as for strengthening and aromatic baths (50 g of herbs per 10 liters of water) and compresses. Outwardly, oregano herb is used for edema, furunculosis, eczema, for washing wounds, for pustular skin diseases and diathesis in the form of lotions, compresses and therapeutic baths. It is used for rinsing with gingivitis, diabetic periodontal disease, as well as for washing the head and rinsing in case of allergies, psoriasis, zema, hair loss, dandruff, migraine or insomnia.
For a long time in folk medicine, infusion of oregano is used for gout, rheumatism, kidney damage.
Oregano herb infusion used for menopause, diabetes mellitus, impotence, neurosis (a tablespoon of crushed raw materials is poured with a glass of boiling water, infused for 30 minutes, filtered, taken half a glass three times a day before meals).
Infusion of herbs oregano and lemon balm drink with menopausal disorders, with diabetes mellitus (a tablespoon of a mixture of herbs in equal proportions is poured with a glass of boiling water, insisted for 30 minutes, filtered and taken half a glass 30 minutes before meals).
Oregano herb infusion (external) used for lotions, compresses, rinsing, douching (a tablespoon of chopped grass is poured with a glass of boiling water and insisted for 2 hours, filtered).
Oregano herb infusion for baths used for menopause, neurosis, goiter. To do this, pour 50 g of grass with 10 liters of hot water, cover with a lid, and leave for 6 hours. Then filter the infusion into a bath with a water temperature of + 37 ° C. Take a bath at night. After a 12-14-minute bath, the body is soaked with a warm sheet, and they rest in bed for at least an hour. Then they put on warm dry clothes and drink a glass of tea with oregano before going to bed.
A decoction of leaves in folk medicine is used for certain diseases of the respiratory tract, as a sedative and diaphoretic (boil 15 g of dried herbs in a glass of water and take 1 tablespoon three times a day).
Taking a decoction inside eliminates bad breath, strengthens the gums in diabetic periodontal disease, regulates carbohydrate metabolism, especially in women in menopause, therefore it is used in recipes for fees specifically for patients with diabetes mellitus of this category.
Tea. Mix 3-4 parts of the fruits and leaves of the rose hips, one part each of the fruits of mountain ash and oregano herb. Crush dry fruits. Pour 1-2 teaspoons of this mixture with a glass of boiling water, bring to a boil and leave for 1-1.5 hours in a porcelain or enamel dish. Add honey or sugar to the infusion to taste.
It is an excellent multivitamin, anti-sclerotic agent that has a beneficial effect on the body's metabolism. When treating oregano, it should be remembered that it adversely affects the course of pregnancy. In order to avoid miscarriage for pregnant women, it is dangerous and contraindicated to use this plant. It is undesirable to take infusion of oregano and with hypersecretory forms of gastritis.
Read the third part of the article: Oregano, culinary use →
candidate of agricultural sciences
Why is boric acid useful?
In general, this compound is beneficial to plants. As a result of the use of boric acid in horticulture and horticulture, it is possible to achieve an improvement in:
- germination of seeds
- faster rooting of seedlings
- metabolic and photosynthetic processes
- synthesis of chlorophyll and nitrogenous substances
- increased flowering, fruit setting and growth.
Boric acid also increases productivity, promotes the accumulation of sugar, vitamin C and carotene in fruits.
Plants become more resistant to fungal diseases, tolerate adverse weather factors, heat, cold, poor watering or lack of light more easily. Fruits harvested from plants treated with boron are stored longer, and are much better resistant to rot. In addition to feeding, the substance is used to effectively expel ants and wood lice from the beds.
Medicinal properties and use of oregano
Oregano ordinary - perennial herbaceous aromatic plant from the family Labiatae, with a creeping, branched rhizome. Stems 30-60 cm high, erect. Leaves are opposite, petiolate, oblong-ovate, finely toothed, dark green above, lighter below, pubescent with short hairs. Flowers are small, purple, numerous, collected in oblong inflorescences.
Oregano is often called wild marjoram, as its delicately scented leaves are very similar to marjoram. And in general, even in the literature it is confused with marjoram, but these are different plants, albeit relatives. And because of the mint flavor, oregano is equated in some countries with mint. Like lemon balm, its scent is very pleasant to bees, and hives are rubbed with oregano.
Dry grass and oregano flowers contain essential oil with a pleasant smell and bactericidal properties, ascorbic acid, carotene, thymol, tannins and other substances.
Oregano is used as a sedative for neuroses, insomnia, headache, as well as for gastritis with reduced secretory function, cholecystitis, tuberculosis.
In folk medicine, oregano used for headaches, catarrh of the respiratory tract, colds, sexual dysfunction, rheumatism, lack of appetite and for strengthening baths.
Oregano stimulates the appetite, improves digestion and raises the general tone of the body - "cheers the heart". Oregano essential oil, the so-called hop oil, was our ancestors' favorite remedy for toothache. Oregano is commonly used as a good honey plant.
The best varieties and agricultural techniques for growing oregano
And most importantly, it is very important to plant oregano in your garden in order to preserve the wild-growing natural gene pool of this plant.
The wild populations of oregano are quite diverse in both flower color and other characteristics.
The following varieties were created from their source material:
- Arbat Semko,
- Northern Lights,
For the industrial production of raw materials, the variety is of interest Rainbow.
In addition, oregano is very decorative, and the following varieties of foreign selection will be interesting for flower beds:
- Compactum - undersized variety, up to 20 cm high, flowers are small, pinkish
- Variegata - differs from the main type in spectacular leaves with a white edging
- Aureum - oregano with yellow flowers, height up to 25 cm.
Agrotechnics of cultivation and care oregano
The agrotechnology of growing oregano is quite simple and even a novice gardener will be able to do it. In return for the effort spent, you will receive an environmentally friendly, home-grown seasoning for dishes, as well as healing raw materials for making tea, baths and inhalations..
The plant is very unpretentious and cold-resistant, it can grow on any soil. But the plant is photophilous and develops better in sunny, fertile areas. Watering is moderate, regular. Does not tolerate waterlogging and stagnation of water on the site.
How does it multiply?
Oregano is easily propagated by cuttings, layering and division of the mother bush. Layers are made in May or September. For planting, take layers with 3-4 growth buds.
Sowing seeds and care
- Oregano seeds are sown directly into the ground in early spring (in the Northwest - at the end of May), to a depth of 1 cm.
- After thinning the seedlings, leave a distance of 25 cm between the plants.
- Young plants need weeding and mulching of the soil.
- In the first year of the oregano's life, it is recommended to remove the peduncles in order to promote the growth of the bush rosette. In one place, oregano can grow up to 10 years.
- Oregano is rarely affected by diseases and repels most pests.
Collect, save, try
Blooming aboveground leafy stems of oregano are harvested as raw materials., cutting off with knives or sickles tops up to 20 cm long. Dried raw oregano in the air in the shade or in a well-ventilated area. The dried raw material is lightly rubbed to remove the thickened stems.
The resulting dry oregano is stored in tightly closed jars in a dark place.
Raw leaves and young sprigs of oregano, with a pleasant spicy aroma, have long been used in Russia in kvass and homemade beer, to which, in addition to the smell, it gave the ability to persist for a long time.
In cooking, dried oregano is usually used, although the fresh plant has a richer taste. Dried oregano is found in many spice mixtures. The aromatic component of oregano is very strong, it is close to marjoram and caraway - strong, slightly astringent, tart, bitter-spicy.
Grass oregano used in the preparation of salads, spaghetti, tomato sauces, sausages, vegetable dishes. Oregano goes well with oven baked potatoes with olive oil and tomatoes, and is also good for all kinds of omelets.
It is added to cheeses, soups, etc. It is also used when roasting meat in the oven and grilling, as well as stewing meat, chicken, cooking canned food, and pickling cucumbers. A proven dry mix combination is oregano with basil and black pepper.
Video: Oregano, an extraordinary plant! Medicinal properties
Medicinal properties of oregano
Oregano, a wonderful medicinal plant given to us by nature. It is a wonderful antiseptic that helps us fight various diseases. Oregano is used to treat stomach ulcers and duodenal ulcers, chronic constipation, cramps in the stomach and intestines, as a choleretic for diseases of the liver, gallbladder, jaundice, worms and hemorrhoids.
How to make a decoction of oregano: Pour 2 tablespoons of dry, chopped herbs with 1 glass of boiling water, hold in a water bath for 15 minutes, then remove from heat and insist for another 45 minutes. Drink the broth warm, 1/3 cup, 2 times a day, 15 minutes before meals. Can be steamed in a thermos in the same proportions.
Useful properties of oregano
The beneficial properties of oregano are recognized not only in traditional medicine, but also in official medicine.
- Doctors prescribe this herb for acute bronchitis, tuberculosis, whooping cough, cough, sore throat and other respiratory diseases.
- It is able to improve appetite, digestion, if there is not enough gastric juice.
- Oregano helps to regulate the menstrual cycle, increase tone, lactation, reduce sexual excitability, soothe headaches and relieve rheumatism pain.
- Oregano has sedative, diuretic, sedative, analgesic, antidepressant, wound healing and antiseptic properties.
- It is useful for diseases of the gallbladder and liver, rheumatism, toothache, cramps, and skin diseases.
- In case of indigestion, insomnia, nervous tension, bronchitis, colds and edema, a decoction or infusion of oregano will help.
- As a diaphoretic and choleretic agent, oregano will help in the treatment of colitis, rheumatism, epilepsy, enterocolitis.
- For the treatment of insect bites, inflammatory processes and diseases on the skin, it is recommended to take baths with oregano.
- A decoction and infusion of oregano will help with hypertension.
- It is also used for diseases of the intestines, due to its carminative and analgesic properties.
- Oregano enhances the work of the digestive glands. It will be indispensable for stress, intestinal atony, for regulating the work of sweat glands.
- Taking oregano helps with pain in the intestines and stomach, acute bronchitis.
- With the help of oregano, gynecological diseases are treated.
- It will help with abdominal pain, cramps, scrofula and rickets in children.
- Outwardly, in folk medicine, oregano is used to treat abscesses, boils, eczema, and washing wounds.
Contraindications to the use of the plant
Flaxseed has useful properties, but not everyone can use it.
Contraindications are as follows:
- children under one year old
- cirrhosis of the liver
- bleeding ulcer
- renal and hepatic impairment.
Toadflax should be taken dosed, according to the instructions. Side effects may include: bitterness in the mouth, tremors of the limbs, dizziness, migraine. Before using the plant, it is advisable to consult a doctor.
Cutting and storing oregano
When the oregano shoots grow about a meter, you can start cutting them. The best option for cutting is during the period when the plants are blooming and have the strongest smell. This period usually falls on the period from July to September.
Cutting is best done at a height of half a meter. After that, the cut parts must be tied into bundles, and already in this form they can be dried. It has been noticed that dry oregano herb smells even stronger. In order for the grass to lie as long as possible without losing its varietal qualities, it is necessary to store it in places that are reliably protected from direct sunlight, be sure to remove all leaf blades from the shoots.
Dried sprigs of oregano are used usually from one and a half to three years, it all depends on the room - the drier it is, the sprigs are stored, as a rule, longer and vice versa.
Oregano (Origanum vulgare)